Explanation of Key Verticals in Indian Arable Agriculture
Arable farming, also known as crop farming, is a vital component of the Indian agricultural sector. Arable farming involves cultivating crops for food, fuel, fibre, and other purposes on land that is suitable for agriculture. In India, arable farming is an important vertical that contributes significantly to the country's food security and economic growth. In this blog, we will clarify some of the important verticals of arable farming in India.
Crop selection is a critical factor in arable farming. The choice of the crop depends on several factors such as soil type, climate, water availability, market demand, and government policies. In India, some of the popular crops grown include rice, wheat, maize, pulses, cotton, sugarcane, and oilseeds.
Soil is the foundation of arable farming, and its management is crucial for sustainable crop production. Soil management involves practices such as soil testing, soil conditioning, and soil conservation. In India, several government schemes and programs are in place to promote sustainable soil management practices.
Irrigation is a crucial aspect of arable farming, especially in areas where rainfall is inadequate. In India, there are various irrigation methods such as drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, and canal irrigation. Farmers need to choose the most suitable irrigation method based on factors such as crop type, soil type, and water availability.
Pest management is essential to ensure healthy crop growth and yield. In India, farmers face several pest-related challenges, including insect infestations, fungal diseases, and weed growth. To manage pests effectively, farmers use various techniques such as biological control, chemical control, and cultural control.
Harvesting and storage:
Harvesting and storage are critical aspects of arable farming, as they impact the quality and quantity of the crop. In India, farmers use different techniques to harvest crops, such as manual harvesting, mechanized harvesting and combine harvesting. Storage is equally important to prevent crop spoilage and ensure a steady supply of produce to the market.
Market access is crucial for farmers to sell their produce at a fair price. In India, farmers face several challenges in accessing markets, such as a lack of transportation infrastructure, middlemen, and price volatility. To overcome these challenges, the government has introduced various schemes and initiatives such as e-NAM (National Agriculture Market) and PM Kisan.
Arable farming is an important vertical in the Indian agricultural sector. Crop selection, soil management, irrigation, pest management, harvesting and storage, and market access are some of the critical factors that farmers need to consider for sustainable and profitable arable farming. By adopting modern farming techniques, leveraging technology, and accessing government schemes and initiatives, farmers can improve their yield and income and contribute to the growth of the Indian economy.