How to reduce the adverse effects of climate change on Agriculture?
Long-term, abnormal fluctuations in the weather and temperature that may be attributed to either natural or anthropogenic causes are known as climate change. A recent study states that CO2 emission by humans is 100 times more, as compared to all the volcanoes on the earth. As a result, climate changes effects on farming need to be addressed immediately. In time, it will have a real impact on the way of life in the generations to come. It's a bad situation overall, and it's growing worse as the planet warms. Greenhouse gas emissions, increasing population, air pollution, and other such issues are the reason behind Earth's worsening state. Human life isn't the only thing threatened by climate change; agriculture, for example, is also vulnerable. A high-quality harvest is solely attributable to the effects of climate change on agriculture, which is one of the main reasons why climatic variation is blamed for decreased crop productivity. And if the agricultural output drops, it will cause a global food shortage and economic collapse. Therefore, in order to prevent the extinction of the human species, it is essential to start working on this issue right away.
Factors Responsible For the Climate Change:
The abrupt increase in pollutants following the industrialization boom of the 19th century contributed to the unnatural warming of the planet. Other causes of climate change than industrialization are discussed below to illustrate how weather affects farming.
1. Global Warming
2. Volcanic Eruptions
3. Non-Uniform Solar Activities
4. Depletion Of Non-Renewable Resources
5. Variation In Earth’s Rotation & Orbiting
How to reduce the adverse effects of climate change on
Numerous low-cost solutions are being used in today's period of technological development to safeguard crops against erratic weather. Here are seven tried-and-true methods for protecting harvests and bracing for bad weather.
1. Rainwater Harvesting:
Irrigation in farming uses a lot of water, and water scarcity is a major issue. Consequently, we should be frugal with water use because every drop counts. Still, in the event of a shortage of water or a decrease in rainfall, rainwater harvesting is encouraged these days.
2. Practising No-Tillage Farming:
As tilling depletes soil nutrients and alters its natural pH, this farming method can help keep soil from washing away. Consequently, we should prioritise cultivating crops that require little or little tilling. The result will show the good ways in which crops impact the environment.
3. Up-to-date Weather Forecasts:
If we know the danger is imminent, we may readily prepare for it. Also, in the event of a storm, farmers may easily prepare for it by checking the forecast on television or online. This will improve the effects of contemporary farming on ecosystems and human health.
4. Adopt Organic Farming:
Organic farming is an ideal \answer if you're looking for a method of agriculture that doesn't harm the environment. By using less chemical fertilisers and pesticides, we can increase crop yields and help the environment. We can also advocate for the use of organic materials like cow dung manure.
5. Improving Soil Health:
A lack of nutrients in the soil is bad for the environment, agriculture, and crop production. To revitalise the soil and turn it into a resource for the plants, we must supply it with all the necessary nutrients.
6. Reducing Livestock Emissions:
While it's true that "the emission of greenhouse gases by the livestock business turns out to be more than 14.5%,this can be lowered by supplementing cattle with natural nutrients and by correctly managing and reusing the waste produced by livestock operations.
7. Crop Rotation:
Another great strategy for combating global warming. When you rotate your crops every so often, you assist restore the soil's fertility and preserving its nutrients. Also, since many crops have varying nutrient needs, there is no scarcity of any one nutrient. By taking the aforementioned measures, we may lessen the impact of climate change on farming, thereby increasing the quantity and quality of our harvests and enhancing the planet's overall health.