How to use technology to reduce post-harvest losses

profile picture BookMyCrop Sep 23, 2022

At every stage of the post-harvest cycle, there is a lot to take care of, from seed sun-drying and cooling to cleaning and storage. The post-harvest process is a system made up of many moving parts. The goal of any seed manufacturer is to increase seed vigor, viability, and health. Additionally, from harvest through consumption, seed firms aim to maximize profits, minimize losses, and operate at peak efficiency. The ultimate aim of seed processing is to produce as much pure seed as possible with complete germination potential.

But this trip is not without its share of life-altering difficulties. According to studies, losses in the post-harvest sector for durables, semi-perishables, and goods like milk, meat, fish, and eggs are predicted to range from 10 to 25%. When it comes to fruits and vegetables, this percentage soars to 30–40%. Losses, whether related to food or others, can be reduced with timely technology intervention and a deliberate strategy. Post-harvest issues that seed businesses deal with on a daily basis.

The supply chain, location, climate at the time, the prevalence of pests, the use of technology (or lack thereof), and other factors all affect post-harvest losses and the phases at which they occur. These losses have left seed firms with low quantities of low-quality seeds that are neither profitable nor edible. Other significant difficulties that seed firms encounter include, but are not limited to:

Digital recordings are lacking
It is possible to avoid adulteration by tracking and keeping a digital record of important post-harvest processes such cleaning, drying, treating seeds, bagging, storing, and shipping. Data-driven technological advancements can:
-Avoid instances of negligence and poor hygiene during processing, packing, storing, and transportation
-Provide buyers with high-quality seeds that have low amounts of adulteration.

Lack of traceability for seeds:
One of the biggest problems facing seed firms today is seed traceability.
A package solution technology like RootTrace can: 
-Aid in the collection of farm data at crucial times following seed harvest
-Establish end-to-end seed life cycle traceability.
-Make sure seeds are genuine and get rid of fakes
-Give consumers access to new markets while fostering their trust through seed-to-shelf traceability.

Poor compliance measures
When storing seeds, seed firms frequently find it difficult to keep track of compliance standards and procedures. Poor cleanliness might have an impact on seed nutrition and output quality. Whereas a tool with QR functionality can:
-Set quality standards, stop counterfeiting (which affects around 30% of FMCG products), and make sure seed companies receive the best produce possible.
-Make end-user traceability easier when necessary.
-Bring in transparency and cultivate consumer trust while increasing ROI and profitability in the process.

Managing inventories incorrectly
Inaccurate inventory management is a serious problem for seed firms all along the post-harvest path. According to research, between 50 and 60 % of cereal grains could potentially be lost during the storage phase. Technical inefficiency is the main offender. In sharp contrast, these losses can be lowered to as little as 1%–2% when adopting scientific storage techniques! Unassumingly, the Hail Mary for seed enterprises may involve utilizing helpful strategies:
-Observe logistics and control the supply chain
-Record customer orders and promote inventory accuracy
-With SKU labelling and improved visibility, guarantee end-to-end tracking.
-Improve quality assurance, packaging standards, and marketability

Financial losses
Technology's prompt involvement can reduce post-harvest waste and result in cost savings. Mechanical reapers, for instance, can increase productivity during the post-harvest phase. Mechanized drying can also be helpful when it comes to drying grains. Technology can be strategically used to guarantee processing of high-quality items as well as adherence to sound storage management procedures.

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