Indian Vegetables harvesting in Monsoon
The term "Kharif crops," commonly referred to as "monsoon crops," refers to the crops grown in India during the rainy season. The optimum period to grow anything in India is from June to September, when the season lasts for four months on average. The temperature has significantly dropped, which causes the sun to become warmer and the rain to accelerate plant development. Some vegetables grow miraculously during the rainy season because they enjoy it. So it's crucial to choose the correct vegetables. Let's examine Indian vegetables grown during the rainy season.
Vegetables come in a variety of varieties during the rainy season. However, it's crucial to understand which vegetables to plant during the rainy season. Temperature, humidity, and soil pH levels are all elements that affect plant growth and development and are necessary for some plants to survive in that environment. High humidity generally necessitates extra care for plants to develop. Temperature swings that are too extreme can be bad for plant growth. As a result, it is important to understand which plants to cultivate when.
Conditions for vegetable cultivation during the rainy season
The greatest period for vegetable plants is during the monsoon. The monsoon season, often known as the rainy season, benefits both plants and the tiny insects and fungi that consume them. Now that the situation is plain to us, You are aware of this issue if you reside in India. Long-term moisture exposure raises the danger of fungus and insect infestations. During the rainy season, aphids, mildew, snails, and slugs are especially prevalent.
Every plant needs proper drainage, which is an essential component. Closed or diminished hard soil might make life miserable for your plant on monsoon or rainy days. Water logging is a common issue during the rainy season and prevents plant growth. When the issue is serious, the roots may finally perish because they are unable to breathe adequate oxygen. Prepare your planting vegetables with excellent drainage before the rainfall arrives. Use of a blend of grow bags, coco peat, or other potting mixtures that do not hold water are some of the steps you may take to enable for excellent drainage.
Giving plants support
Strong monsoon winds frequently cause plants to break or lose their leaves. Improve your plants' ability to withstand monsoon winds.
For everyone who loves plants, soil maintenance is crucial, especially during the rainy season. Before the first rains of the season, the soil needs to be prepared.
Mulching and pruning
Plant growth is accelerated by the monsoon's early rains. Before the first rains, prune, trim, and get rid of dead branches to encourage the plant to grow in the appropriate direction. Prior to the monsoon, mulching will assist keep soil nutrients in place.
The rainy season brings about a lot of soil erosion. The rains wash away the topmost layers of the fertile soil. If grow bags or containers are not used, this occurs more frequently. Apply necessary nutrients, such as NPK, cow manure, extract, fertilizer, etc., to maintain fertile soil.
Water is necessary for all plants. It can be considered the source of life for plants. When watering, especially during the monsoon or rainy season, care should be used. Only water plants every 15 days, and only when necessary. Scientific research has shown that too much water causes more underwater plants to perish. As a result, it is more challenging to kill a plant without water than it is to do it with more water.
Vegetable plants require attention throughout the wet season.
- Before watering their plants, take sure to inspect them. Plants just require a very small amount of water at this time. Watering the roots excessively can harm them.
- Vegetable plants should never be watered after 3 PM.
- There must not be any standing water, therefore check that the drainage system is functioning properly.
- Worms can infest plants during the monsoon season. Make sure to routinely inspect the plant beds for any infections. However, earthworms are advantageous to them since they nitrate the soil by creating holes in it.
- Because of the monsoon's high moisture levels, provide the plants adequate light and ventilation.
- If your plant needs fertilizer, apply it between 7 and 11 a.m.
- Since they are susceptible to insects during the monsoon, apply pesticides and fungicides to your plants once a week to avoid pests and illnesses.
- If your plants are on the roof or porch, you can use perforated sheets instead of plastic sheets to cover them. They can spray water easier thanks to this.
- Prior to the monsoon, it is generally wise to prune the plants.
- Remember to keep the plant in the proper location to shield it from the rain.
Cucumber is a simple-to-grow vegetable that adores sunshine and water. Because they receive constant water and heat, cucumbers develop very quickly. Its capacity for climbing allows it to easily grow in a small area.
Nothing beats homegrown, juicy tomatoes, which are also incredibly simple to grow and useful in the kitchen. In North India, June through August, and in South India, July through August, the wet season is the ideal period to grow tomatoes. Although tomatoes enjoy the light, they also require well-drained soil to grow. You can easily cultivate tomatoes.
Within three weeks of seeding, this easily growing root vegetable is ready for harvesting. It can therefore be planted multiple times during the growth season. You won't be able to live without radishes with a peppery flavor, whether they are part of a salad or a regular meal. Due of the lip-smacking flavor, its lips are also included in soups. The best aspect is that you can grow it multiple times throughout the growing season because it will be ready for harvesting 3 weeks after planting.
Beans are a great plant to cultivate since they are relatively simple to sow, care for, and harvest. India's monsoon season is optimal for growing when it is between July and August. They are able to develop during the monsoon because they do well in chilly areas.
It is one of the season's healthiest veggies.
The monsoon season is ideal for adding spice to food because that is when green chilies are grown. Indian food lacks flavor if it isn't spiced with fiery green chilies, and the greatest part is that you can simply produce these peppers at home. It's a tropical crop that can be grown in clayey, red, or loamy soil.
Even during the rainy season, green peppers are simple to cultivate at home. Early May is the ideal time to plant and allow the seeds to germinate for the monsoon season. They should be planted in a 3: 3: 3 mixture of soil, sand, and fertilizer powder. Give it a little water each day. After 15 days, you can replant any plants that sprouted within four days.
It can be effectively grown during a rainy season and is also known as eggplant. It is grown in the months of June and July during the wet season. Any type of soil, from light sandy to deep soils, can support the growth of eggplant plants. The pH range of well-drained, organically rich soils is 6.5 to 7.5.
Okra, commonly known as okra, is one of the most well-liked vegetables in India. It is also simple to cultivate because it needs a hot, humid climate to do so. The beginning of India's rainy season is ideal for growing okra.
The ideal way to grow beets is in a sizable pot with organic soil and a drainage hole. As it receives rainfall naturally, it only needs to be watered once every 5 to 6 days. Just be careful not to use too much water, as this could harm the plant. Typically, beetroot plants begin to grow after 15 days, and they are ready for harvest approximately 2 months later.
Another vegetable that thrives in the monsoon season is cauliflower. It comes in three varieties: early, important, and late. These early and critical season varieties are ideal for the rainy season and can be seeded from May to August and September to October. While soil that retains moisture is ideal for late season and summer cultivation, soil that dries out rapidly is a better choice for rainy season farming. 90 to 120 days after planting, cauliflower is usually ready for harvesting.
During the rainy season, tinda is simple to grow. It is regarded as an annual and grows best in India's tropical and subtropical climates.
Bamboo shoots, Chaya, Chayote, Mustard greens, Okra, Pumpkin, Roselle, Sweet Potato, Tropical/Indian lettuce, etc. are more vegetables that grow during the rainy season.