India's Agriculture and the Techniques Used By Indian Farmers
In India, farming is effectively used in the various locations where it is most suitable. Industrial, organic, and subsistence farming have all made a substantial contribution to India's agricultural industry.
The Indian farmer had discovered and started growing sugarcane and a variety of spices. India is the world's second-largest producer of agricultural goods. In actuality, our Gross Domestic Product is 6.1% influenced by agriculture.
Let's look at the various techniques Indian farmers employ and how they benefit from them in order to grow the wide range of crops that we consume and export:
Agriculture Practices of Indian Farmers
In India, farming is one of the oldest professions. Different farming techniques have been employed in various regions. However, due to changes in weather and climatic circumstances, technological advancements, and socio-cultural traditions, all these methods have undergone substantial changes over time. Following are some common farming techniques used in India:
1. Primitive Subsistence Farming
2. Intensive Subsistence Farming
3. Commercial Farming
1. Primitive Subsistence Farming:
In some regions of the nation, farmers and ancient farming practises are still practised. Typically, this kind of subsistence farming is carried out on tiny plots of ground using local implements like a hoe, dao, digging sticks, etc. These agricultural practises are typically carried out by a family or the local communities of Indian farmers, who consume the produce for their personal consumption. This is the most natural way, but crop growth is still reliant on weather factors like heat, rain, and soil fertility.
The "slash and burn" method is essential to this farming method. Farmers used to burn the land using this technique after the crops were produced and collected. Then they relocate to a piece of uncultivated land so that new crops can be planted there. Because of this the ground gains back its fertility, naturally. Since no fertilizers are utilized during cultivation, the traditional subsistence approach produces high-quality crops while also preserving the soil's natural qualities.
2. Intensive Subsistence Farming:
Subsistence farming also comes in the form of intensive subsistence farming. This method involves extensive land cultivation, which necessitates more labor-intensive effort. Additionally, chemical fertilizers and various irrigation techniques are employed to achieve a high output of vegetables.
Two sorts of crops are produced by intensive subsistence farming: one is wet, the other is dry. Paddy is a wet crop. Dry crops include wheat, pulses, maize, millets, soya beans, tubers, and vegetables.
3. Commercial Farming:
To improve and maintain the growth of the crops, the Indian farmer employs a significant amount of fertilizers, herbicides, and insecticides. Commercial farming in India varies across various regions based on the crop that is best suited to the local climate and soil.
For instance, rice is a subsistence crop in Orissa while being grown commercially in Haryana, Punjab, and West Bengal. In India, wheat, pulses, millets, maize, and other grains, together with vegetables and fruits, are the main commercially farmed crops.
A significant portion of the nation's economic output comes from this form of farming. In reality, the commercially farmed crops in India are exported all over the world.