The process of growing spinach scientifically

profile picture BookMyCrop Jul 14, 2022

The Introduction
The daily diet should include plenty of vegetables. In addition to minerals, vegetables provide a significant source of both protein and carbohydrates. After China, India is the second-largest vegetable grower. India produces practically all varieties of veggies due to diverse weather and soils.

Green vegetables also have an essential part in the diet. Green leafy vegetable crops can thrive in winter because they enjoy the cold and humidity.

Among the green vegetables, spinach is a crucial component. In a short amount of time, spinach produces a good yield. Vegetable use for spinach leaves. A lot of nutrients are included in spinach. Vitamins A, B, C, and K, antioxidants, iron, copper, folic acid, calcium, potassium, zinc, protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and fibre are all included in spinach.

The cool crop according to Ayurveda is spinach. It gets rid of bile, blood waste, cough, and respiratory illnesses. Since spinach juice is nutrient-rich, it is consumed everywhere. Both iron deficiency and eye abnormalities can be treated with spinach juice.

Foster care comes in two primary flavors
Hybrid and native. Savoy, Semi-Savoy, and Flat Leaf Spinach are the three basic varieties of spinach.

Climate
The primary crop for the winter is spinach. However, it can be grown year-round. However, it can be successfully grown in the winter, autumn, and spring.

Sowing
Both in the winter (October–November) and the summer (February–March), spinach can be grown successfully. It is intolerable to sow in the cold, the hot, or with standing water.

Seeding speed and range
Per hectare, 25 to 30 kg of seed are needed. To sow spinach, either scatter the seeds or plant them in rows. The two spinach rows should be kept at least 25 to 30 cm apart. The furrows are filled with earth once the seeds have been sown.

Land
All types of soil are excellent for growing spinach, but a somewhat sandy and loamy soil that has good drainage and doesn't retain water is preferable.

Compost
Before sowing, spread 30 tones of manure per hectare. The quality of the leaves is improved by adding 20 kg of nitrogen after each harvest, and the fresh crop is soon ready.

Superior Varieties
Pusha Bharti, Pusha Palak, Jobner Green, and All Green.

Production and Pruning
A month after sowing, the crop is harvested. Then, a total of 6 cuttings can be harvested at 12- to 15-day intervals, producing 30 to 50 tones per acre.

Transmission and storage
Worldwide, there are numerous ways to purchase spinach. It is primarily marketed in fresh zudi in India. In addition to being offered in its fresh form, it is also available canned and thari.

Protect crop
A caterpillar that eats leaves. The little caterpillars remain in groups and consume the leaf's green portion. Additionally, big caterpillars consume a lot of leaves. Its fuda has a look of pale brown.

Page markers
A fungus is the source of the illness. Round specks on the leaves range in color from light brown to black. The leaf dries out as the quantity and size of the spots rises. Change the crop, add 25 g of Mancozeb to 10 litres of water, and spray 2 to 3 times to regulate it.

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