Top Potato Varieties Traded at Indian Mandis
Potatoes are a staple in Indian cuisine, whether they are used in dishes like vada pav from Maharashtra, aloo posto from Bengal, chaat from Delhi, or aloo curry served with dosa from South India. Potato commodity trading takes place in Azadpur Mandi, Neemuch Mandi, Kanpur Mandi, and Nashik Mandi. Because potatoes can be stored for a long period, they are one of the most traded agricultural commodities in all of the main Indian mandis. Some potato types are particularly significant in the mandi trading industry. And this site covers all the essential information on the most valued and traded potato cultivars.
Various Potatoes Grown in India
This kind of potato matures around 80 to 150 days. It is regarded as one of the best potato types and produces 150–250 quintals per hectare. Most Kufri Jyoti transactions take place in the mandis of Bengal, Bihar, and Jharkhand.
It's a better variety of potato that can withstand even frost. In comparison to the mountainous location, the crop matures more quicker in the plain area. This particular potato variety may produce 300 to 400 quintals of yield per hectare and reaches maturity in 120 to 125 days. The Purvanchal mandis in Nepal, Bihar in the north, the Baghelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh in the west are the main trading hubs for Kufri Sinduri potatoes.
The Kufri Bahar 3797:
The variety 3797 is another name for it. The northern Indian plains benefit from it. In between 90 and 110 days, Kufri Bahar prepares. It is mostly traded in the mandis of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Kerala and yields 200–250 quintals per acre.
One of the most popular potato cultivars to appear in Indian mandis over the past two years is this one. This is a great potato cultivar that is high in antioxidants and can withstand even really cold weather. It is ready to harvest in 90 to 100 days and has a higher output potential than other kinds. 350–400 quintals can be produced per hectare by Kufri Neelkanth. The North Indian plains benefit from this type.
It takes 70 days to reach maturity and has moderate resistance to potato disease. A yield of 200 to 250 quintals per acre is produced by Kufri Alankar. More of this particular potato species is traded in the mandis of Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh.
For the chips, Kufri Chipsona-1, Kufri Chipsona-2, and Kufri Chipsona-3 are grown. 68.5 percent of the potatoes dug are used for home consumption. While just 31% of potatoes are used domestically in industrialised nations. The remaining potatoes are utilised to make beverages and chips, which account for 12% of all potatoes produced. In Uttarakhand and Delhi NCR's rural areas, kufri chipsona is grown. The Kufri Chipsona-4 is also grown simultaneously in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, and Karnataka. The production per hectare is between 300 and 350 quintals.
Lady Rosetta (LR Potato):
Lady Rosetta is the name of this type of potato. It takes 80 to 100 days to complete. It produces 250 to 300 quintals per hectare. LR potatoes are delivered to the Gujarat and Punjab chip factories for processing.
In Punjab, Haryana, and Uttarakhand, this type is grown. Along with Chipsona and LR potatoes, Diamond potatoes are also delivered to the processing facility for chips.
This cultivar is primarily sown in the hills of Sikkim and North Bengal. It yields between 250 and 300 quintals per hectare. In the mandis of Bihar and Jharkhand, the most popular types for farmers and mandi dealers are New Holland, Kufri, Kanchan, and Sindoori.
302 potatoes are the top option for potato traders in Agra. It has a yield that is 1.5 times more than that of the typical potato cultivars. As a result, in order to grow and purchase this species of potato, mandi dealers must travel great distances. 302 potatoes mature in 80–90 days, yielding 400–450 quintals per hectare.
The harvest for this cultivar matures about 90 to 120 days. This potato plant's stem is green with reddish-brown streaks on it. It produces a yield of 200–250 quintals per hectare.
This particular potato type yields 350-400 quintals per acre and matures in 80-90 days. This variety's standout quality is its resistance to frost damage.
This cultivar takes 135 days to mature. Each hectare can produce between 250 and 300 quintals. In UP, Haryana, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh, E 4486 is most frequently utilized.
Some types that are suitable for local mandi trade in the regions where they are grown are listed below:
This crop yields 300 to 400 quintal per hectare and is ready in 120 to 125 days. In Uttar Pradesh's lowland and intermediate plains, kufri dewa is grown.
Ji 2524 Kufri Navtal (Kufri Navtal):
This particular potato variety yields 200 to 250 quintal per hectare and is ready for harvest in 75 to 85 days.
By Kufri Lalima:
It is a better variety of quickly, high-yielding potatoes that matures in 90 to 100 days. It produces 200–250 quintals per acre.
This potato cultivar thrives in the South Indian hills. Its crop matures in 110 days or so and produces 300 quintals per acre. Kufri Swarna spoils considerably faster than other people do.
Kufri Shil Maan:
This variety matures in 100 to 130 days and has a hectare yield of up to 250 quintals.
JH 222 Kufri Jawahar:
This kind of potato needs 90 to 110 days to mature before harvest. It is resistant to foam disease and early blight. A acre of Kufri Jawahar JH 222 produces 250 to 300 quintals.
This potato cultivar produces a lot in a short amount of time. The crop yields 250 to 300 quintals per hectare and is ripe in 75 to 80 days.